To Angela Merkel

To Angela Merkel

Examining all aspects of the capitalist crisis and the Euro zone crisis is beyond the scope of this note but contrary to shallow journalists I am not going to retell news and to swallow and spew up superficial information. Furthermore, unlike students of bourgeois political sciences I don’t like to learn by heart difficult names of politicians and dates and figures. I am trying to present a Marxist methodology in dealing with various issues and help them use this methodology in critique of different matters in the capitalist world. This is only the outline of a fundamental discussion, and it could be published as an important and invaluable pamphlet. By reading this I hope the readers will grasp a correct portrait of the current situation in Europe. Recently, Ms Merkel, the leader of the rightist Christian Democrat Party and the German Chancellor, stated that Greece would expelled from the EU if the left took power. This threat reveals the fear of the German government, an ultra-right and conservative one, from the rise of the left in Greece and to intimidate the brave Greek people in order to discourage them from voting for the moderate left party (Syriza). The result of the Greek election panicked Merkel and her allies in the EU. The outcome of the election was as follows: Syriza 36.5% (150 MPs), Communist Party of Greece 5.6% (15 MPs), New Democracy 27.7% (76 MPs), Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) 4.7% (17 MPs), Independent Greeks 4.7% (17 MPs), Pro-European Coalition (The River) 5.9%, fascist Golden Dawn 6.3% (16 MPs). The result of the Greek election as well as the success of the Communist Party in Spain in the recent election, the inclination of the Communist Party of Austria and the German Left Party towards more left and radical policies will undoubtedly drive conservatives, fascists and right-wingers in the EU into the corner. Germany and France are two main pillars of the EU and the absence of each means the collapse of this union and the Euro zone. The Euro zone crisis results from the fact that powerful members of the EU thought by attracting weaker states to the EU can create a brisk market for their goods and boost their export and production in this way. The EU, or Euro zone, appeared as an economic and productive rival to the United States that continuously enhanced the value of its currency based on its military power. European politicians, with a prospect of success in creating a unified economic zone, removing borders, and substituting a single currency for national currencies, expected to appear on the stage as a rival for the United States. They also hoped developing markets would prevent periodical crises. It is obvious that France and Germany have always sided with the United States as a military ally and collaborator rather than a rival, and it is nonsense to claim that the EU is in confrontation with a military superpower like America. In exporting arms and adding fuel to the fire of wars in the Middle East and North Africa European states have collaborated with the United States if not acted more promptly. Undoubtedly, bourgeois economists and apologists of the existing order and rightist politicians, in spite of reading Marxists literature, have not yet been able to find a solution to control the current crisis and make mistakes one after another. Contrary to the shallow view of some Iranian leftists think, the failure to cope with periodical and intrinsic crises of the capitalist system is not because of the stupidity of bourgeois economists but because of the inherent contradictions of capitalism itself. Marx has explained this in detail in the Capital. Theorists of bourgeoisie and social democrats do know this system can never get rid of its crises but due to their class characteristics and political stand cannot side with the revolution and favour replacing capitalism, a system in crisis and suffering from contradictions, with socialist mode of production. One thing that the parliamentarian left does not understand or does not try to understand because of its bourgeois mode of critic is that the main point of difference between socialism, on the one hand, and capitalism and welfare state, is a difference in production mode not in distribution system and mode.Therefore, though we feel joy whenever the left, even a parliamentarian current, starts to breathe in any point of the world, we must not forget to mercilessly criticize their non-revolutionary ideas. **Let me to return to the first point. Why in spite of enormous loans lent by Germany to Greece, Portugal and Spain economic ailing of the EU is aggravated day by day and Euro has continuously devalued versus the dollar and pound, as compared to the Swiss franc, the currency of a country smaller than a province of Germany?! Main states of the Euro zone, especially Germany and France, based on this expectation that granting loans to economically weaker states such as Greece and other countries in crisis, like Spain, can enhance the purchasing power of consumers in these countries and double profit always optimistically thought the crisis could be controlled by injecting more money. A foolish expectation! They think, improving the purchasing power, on the one hand, turns citizens of these countries into the permanent customers of lending countries and these countries are able to sell their export products much more easily to the borrowing countries, and on the other hand, since no country lends money without interest Germany and France expected to earn a profit as interest and use this resources to control their own crisis.These loans did not improve the living conditions of the people but rather it fell in hands of a corrupt layer of bourgeoisie that has grown and on the other hand the majority of people and the working class have had to tighten belts consume less because of the imposed austerity policy by their governments.** The governments’ failure to repay debts to the lending countries worsened the crisis and put European conservatives in difficulty. Following the Syrian civil war and the rise of ISIS, the European bourgeoisie tried to relieve the crisis through direct exportation or re-exportation of arms to belligerent parties but on the other hand the homelessness of millions of Syrians and Iraqi as a consequence of the war and their inevitable migration to Europe returns the results of this warmongering to Europe. While European countries have signed the Human Rights charter and are apparently bound to refugee rights they have accepted a negligible number of refugees, less than 0.1%. On the other hand we observe growing propaganda by conservatives and right-wingers about “tsunami” or “flood” of “crisis” in relation to the growing number of refugees. This has led to the rise of fascist tendencies, this time as an Islamophic movement. European petty-bourgeoisie, as well as nationalist-fascist parties that are worried about losing their jobs and social status **are trying to find a scapegoat direct all attacks on foreigners as the weakest section of the working class that are usually working in mean positions with low wages.Under these complicated circumstances **for which mainly conservative European governments must ablamed, bourgeoisie has lost the control, and the hope for the strengthening of the left against fascism and the entire right has grown, and so the society stands on the crossroad of crucial changes. In societies with low class consciousness, while austerity is brutally imposed on the people, the revolts of the hungry people may happen and since these attempts are devoid of unclear and definite prospects and not a radical force usually takes the lead events may even worsen the situation.The revolts known as the Arab spring, though they deserved to be supported because they were the masses’ efforts for bread and freedom, excluding Egypt and Tunisia, actually led the society to a dangerous situation worse than before. In Greece and Spain, however, the situation is different. Despite the pressure put on the left and communists in European countries, that makes finding job and education for left activist more difficult, the left has been able to take advantage of the relative European democracy and organize a major part of citizens through parliamentary ways in Spain, Greece, Austria and Germany. While conservative governments and rightist parties in Europe are trying to cause the working class and the poor to pay the cost of the problems arising from the economic and political crisis the working class and the left are trying to find ways for organization and to respond to the right by presenting solutions for the betterment of the people. While there is no repressive conditions in Europe, organization of the working class would happen better and in shorter time. Though the European conservative bourgeoisie will choose fascism if it has to choose between fascism and the left but I can strongly say that taking power by fascists in Europe, especially Germany,is improbable. In the face of Pegida and fascism, millions of people may not choose communism, as does Ms Merkel, but they would surely not take a position against the left. Hassan Maarfi Poor (Pour)

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